What is Science Fiction

- What is Science Fiction?
- The first science fiction novel
- SF as a genre
- Science fiction pulp magazines
- Themes in Science Fiction
- The Golden Age
- New Wave
- Cyberpunk

  • J.G. Ballard

  • The movie "Crash"
    (Internet Movie DataBase)

  • The movie "Videodrome"
    (Internet Movie DataBase)

  • The movie "Blade Runner"
    (Internet Movie DataBase)

  • William Gibson, official website

  • More links to sites about science fiction can be found among my
    science fiction links
  • Neuromancer by William Gibson, book cover Neuromancer was William Gibsons debute novel which became a bestseller. It is not original in the sense that it is about new areas, Cyberspace was known long before, if yet not under that name. It was the way to describe how it feels to be in Cyberspace, and that information is important which made the novel a modern classic.


    When computers arrived there was new themes in science fiction. Early stories were often about computers that possed power of the humans and the machines were seen as a threat. By time the themes changed and computers were integrated with humans.

    Cyberpunk appeared in the beginning of the 80s. The word was probably from Bruce Bethkes novel "Cyberpunk".
    Gardmer Dozois used the word to describe that kind of stories that authors like Bruce Sterling, William Gibson, Rudy Rucker, and Lewis Shiner wrote.

    In cyberpunk much of the stories takes place in the fantastic world of computers, the world that is much more living than the real world that suffers from air pollution and decay. The world is run by multinational comapnies rather than governments.
    William Gibson's debutnovel "Neuromancer" (1984) made the term commonly known.
    Famous movies in the genre of cyberpunk are "Blade Runner" (1982), "Videodrome" (1983) and Johnny Mnemonic.

    SF can be divided into different groups regarding on how much technology that is present.

    Hard SF is the term for stories that are built on science, where explanations are given in a reliable way rather than imaginative. Technology plays a big part.

    Soft SF contains more fuzzy science, the stories are built on human phsycology and human emotions. New Wave is often Soft SF, while Cybernetics are more of Hard SF. Cyberpunk, that was evolved out of New Wave, is in something of a shadowland between Hard SF and Soft SF.

    Books at Amazon.co.uk (Europe):
    Headcrash, Bruce Bethke
    Islands in the Net, Bruce Sterling
    Wetware, Rudy Rucker

    Books at Amazon.com (USA):
    Headcrash, Bruce Bethke
    Islands in the Net, Bruce Sterling
    Software, Rudy Rucker

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